Queen Anne of England
 
 
  • Material: Tortoise shell,  15 k rose gold tested.
  • Size: 2 6/8" by 2 3/32".
  • Date and Origin: 1705 marked,  England, signed OB (which stays for Obrisset)
  • Conditions: Mint. Clasp and pin were probably added later.
This one is a Museum quality tortoise shell cameo who is 305 years old. A real rarity and in mint condition. The carving is amazing, each detail is perfect. It is very hard to imagine that a so old cameo has survived until today in so mint conditions. This is a real museum quality cameo as two similar ones are in one of most important Museum of the world, the Victoria and Albert museum in London, UK.  I was not hoping to find a rarity like this, instead I was more than lucky. This is a great find, something of truly incredible, the oldest cameo I have ever found. It bears on the left the year when it was made, 1705, and on the right side the signature of the artist, OB which stay for Obrisset.  John Obrisset was a Huguenot carver, medallist, horn and tortoise shell worker.  He also made snuff boxes.  He probably came from a family of artists (Aubrisset) in Dieppe (France) , and may have been one of many Huguenots (French Protestants) forced to emigrate to England and elsewhere after 1685 because of renewed persecution in France. This medallion was made early in his career, which lasted from 1705 - 1728   This medallion is a cameo of Queen Anne (1702 - 1714) and was a commemorative honouring the political union of Scotland and England.  The medallion can be found, listed as a  reference in  John Obrisset:  Huguenot Caver, Medallist, Horn and Tortoise Shell Worker.  Author:  Phillip A.S. Phillips    Published by Batsford, 1931, London. Approximately 30 items survive to this day from the works of John Obrisset. Two similar cameos, see pictures, are in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London along with a snuff box mounted with a similar cameo from the same artist.  A very desirable collectors piece, rarest  and museum quality cameo.
A bit of history:
Anne, born in 1665, was the second daughter of James II and Anne Hyde. She played no part in her father's reign, but sided with her sister and brother-in-law (Mary II and William III) during the Glorious Revolution. She married George, Prince of Denmark, but the pair failed to produce a surviving heir. She died at 49 years of age, after a lifelong battle with the blood disease porphyria. The untimely death of William III nullified, in effect, the Settlement Act of 1701: Anne was James' daughter through his Protestant marriage, and therefore, presented no conflict with the act. Anne refrained from politically antagonizing Parliament, but was compelled to attend most Cabinet meetings to keep her half-brother, James the Old Pretender, under heel. Anne was the last sovereign to veto an act of Parliament, as well as the final Stuart monarch. The most significant constitutional act in her reign was the Act of Union in 1707, which created Great Britain by finally fully uniting England and Scotland (Ireland joined the Union in 1801). The Stuart trait of relying on favorites was as pronounced in Anne's reign as it had been in James I's reign. Anne's closest confidant was Sarah Churchill, who exerted great influence over the king. Sarah's husband was the Duke of Marlborough, who masterly led the English to several victories in the War of Spanish Succession. Anne and Sarah were virtually inseparable: no king's mistress had ever wielded the power granted to the duchess, but Sarah became too confident in her position. She developed an overbearing demeanor towards Anne, and berated the Queen in public. In the meantime, Tory leaders had planted one Abigail Hill in the royal household to capture Anne's need for sympathy and affection. As Anne increasingly turned to Abigail, the question of succession rose again, pitting the Queen and the Marlborough against each other in a heated debate. The relationship of Anne and the Churchill's fell asunder. Marlborough, despite his war record, was dismissed from public service and Sarah was shunned in favor of Abigail. Many of the internal conflicts in English society were simply the birth pains of the two-party system of government. The Whig and Tory Parties, fully enfranchised by the last years of Anne's reign, fought for control of Parliament and influence over the Queen. Anne was torn personally as well as politically by the succession question: her Stuart upbringing compelled her to choose as heir her half-brother, the Old Pretender and favorite of the Tories, but she had already elected to side with Whigs when supporting Mary and William over James II. In the end, Anne abided by the Act of Settlement, and the Whigs paved the way for the succession of their candidate, George of Hanover. Anne's reign may be considered successful, but somewhat lackluster in comparison to the rest of the Stuart line. 1066 and All That, describes her with its usual tongue-in-cheek manner: "Finally the Orange... was succeeded by the memorable dead queen, Anne. Queen Anne was considered rather a remarkable woman and hence was usually referred to as Great Anna, or Annus Mirabilis. The Queen had many favourites (all women), the most memorable of whom were Sarah Jenkins and Mrs Smashems, who were the first wig and the first Tory... the Whigs being the first to realize that the Queen had been dead all the time chose George I as King."